When it comes to discussing psoriasis causes and treatment, there are a few crucial aspects that should be taken into consideration. Although the exact cause of psoriasis is not known, a recent research study has demonstrated that psoriasis is caused by a response in the immune system. Scientists are of the view that T cells cause inflammation in the skin, which ultimately leads to the excessive skin cell growth. T cells are a type of white blood cell that provides the body protection against infection and disease.

It is often believed that psoriasis is inherited in a number of people. While the reason is still unknown, about one-third of the people suffering from psoriasis have it in their family history. The risk of getting this disease multiplies if one parent has it. The risk is even higher if both parents are suffering from psoriasis.

The intensity of the problem can worsen and improve over time. For a number of people, it comes and goes. Following are the important causes of this disease:

  • Stress
  • Infections
  • Certain medications, like beta-blockers, depression drugs, or lithium.
  • Changes in the climate that make the skin dry.

Psoriasis is basically a disease of the skin. Psoriasis causes the swelling and scaling of the skin. Usually, cells grow deep within the skin and slowly rise to the surface in a month’s time. This process is known as cell turnover. For people with psoriasis, this process is likely to occur in just a few days. This forces the cells to accumulate on the skin’s surface.

Psoriasis leads to the development of thick silvery scales. The patches also called as plaques can cause the feeling of itching or burning. They can usually be found on the knees, lower back, elbows, scalp, palms, soles of the feet, and face. In fact, they can show up in almost any area of the skin.

When it comes to the treatment of psoriasis, it can depend upon a variety of factors. Some of these factors include the disease, the type of psoriasis, the size of the patches, and the reaction of the patient to specific treatment. Also, everyone shows a different response to the treatments. Therefore, the treatment usually involves trial and error. You may have to keep trying a variety of psoriasis treatments before you can find an effective solution.

There are three different types of treatment: phototherapy, topical, and systematic treatment.

Topical treatments involve the use of ointments and creams on the skin. These treatments help to reduce the swelling, decrease cell turnover, suppress the immune system, and the swelling.

Phototherapy is light therapy, which allows patients to seek relief from psoriasis symptoms. It uses ultraviolet light to target the specific areas.

Systematic treatments are considered to be the strongest and are generally used for the more severe cases of psoriasis. They are usually administered through a shot by doctors. They are however not preferred, as they affect your whole system, not just psoriasis. Therefore, it is imperative to discuss the possible side-effects before commencing on the treatment.

 

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