Kidneys play a very important role in the functioning of the human body. They form a part of the urinary system. Apart from kidneys, organs like the ureters, bladder, and the urethra form a part of the urinary system too. In the human body, we find kidneys on both sides of the middle back, and below the diaphragm. The main function of kidneys is to filter the waste products from the body.

They eliminate toxins from the body. Apart from that, they assist in maintaining concentration of electrolytes, regulating blood pressure, and blood cells production. Two main include bacterial pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis. Various kinds of treatment are important to get rid of these diseases.

The urine drained from the kidneys pass into the ureters that connect kidneys with the bladder. Bladder drains the urine out of the body through urethra. Kidney is included in urinary tract infections (UTIs). Kidney infection treatment includes the following:

Care at Home – It is possible to treat most at home. Note the following for home care:
–    Remedies that are used for treating nausea or fever can be used for kidney infection
–    You must take the antibiotics prescribed by your doctor. It is important that you do not miss your medication.
–       Have plenty of fluids and stay hydrated. Drinking too much of liquids will rinse off the urinary tract removing the harmful bacteria.
–    Rest well. Do not exert too much if you are suffering from kidney infection.
Medication – After a thorough urine analysis, you will know if you are suffering from infection in kidneys. If you suffer from kidney infection, then it is important that you stay under the medical supervision of a practitioner. Your doctor will put you on antibiotics. There are various antibiotics available for treating kidney infection.
These kill the bacteria that cause infection. Normally, doctors start on a very strong antibiotic to deal with the bacteria. Doctors choose antibiotics depending on the patients’ tolerance, clinical setting, allergies and condition. In case the bacteria are resistant, your medication might be changed. This forms a very important part of kidney treatment.
Some commonly used antibiotics for kidney infection include quinolones (Cipro XR, Cpro, Proquin XR, and ciprofloxacin), sulfonamides, certain newly developed penicillin, levofloxacin and nitrofurantoin. The only person in a position to decide which antibiotic the patient is to deal with is the doctor.
Follow up – After taking adequate medication, rest and fluids, it is important to pay a visit to the physician. This will ensure that the kidney infection treatment has worked well, and you can resume your normal life. You need to find out if the therapy has been working in your case.
In case there is no improvement, you must meet your doctor and explain your condition. Possibly further investigation is essential. This helps to understand if there is any other kidney complication. It is necessary to make sure that you destroy the bacteria responsible for the infection. Eliminating it from the system to cure the infection is important. With proper care and rest, you can free yourself from kidney infections, and lead a normal healthy life.

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